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EXAMINATION OF CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER AND ENTROPY GENERATION BY TWO ADIABATIC OBSTACLES INSIDE A CAVITY AT DIFFERENT INCLINATION ANGLES

Olanrewaju M. Oyewola, Samuel I. Afolabi
Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer (FHMT) 19 - 20 (2022)


Abstract


This paper investigates numerically the problem of convective heat transfer and entropy generation by two adiabatic obstacles positioned inside a square cavity heated at the left wall and cooled on the right wall while horizontal walls are adiabatic. The inclination angle of the cavity orientation investigated are 30, 60 and 90 degrees. Rayleigh numbers ranging from 103 to 106 were calculated for two vertical obstacles. The method of Galerkin finite element was employed to solve the conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy. The cavity is assumed to be filled with air with Prandtl number of 0.71. The results show that the effects of inclination angles and adiabatic obstacles on the thermal behaviours and fluid flow characteristics within the cavity are significantly pronounced. Rayleigh and Nusselt numbers strongly affect heat transfer rates proportionately. Also, high temperature gradients exist at regions where entropy is generated.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5098/hmt.19.20

ISSN: 2151-8629