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MODELLING OF PHASE CHANGE WITH NON-CONSTANT DENSITY USING XFEM AND A LAGRANGE MULTIPLIER

Dave Martin, Hicham Chaouki, Jean-Loup Robert, Donald Ziegler, Mario Fafard
Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer (FHMT) 7 - 40 (2016)


Abstract


A two-phase model for two-dimensional solidification problems with variable densities was developed by coupling the Stefan problem with the Stokes problem and applying a mass conserving velocity condition on the phase change interface. The extended finite element method (XFEM) was used to capture the strong discontinuity of the velocity and pressure as well as the jump in heat flux at the interface. The melting temperature and velocity condition were imposed on the interface using a Lagrange multiplier and the penalization method, respectively. The resulting formulations were then coupled using a fixed-point iteration algorithm. Three examples were investigated and the results were compared to numerical results coming from a commercial software using ALE techniques to track the solid/liquid interface. The model was able to reproduce the benchmark simulations while maintaining a sharp phase change interface and conserving mass.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5098/hmt.7.40

ISSN: 2151-8629