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EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON HEAT TRANSFER AND FRICTION FACTOR CHARACTERISTICS OF A STATIONARY SQUARE DUCT ROUGHENED BY V AND ᴧ-SHAPED RIBS

Anand Shukla, Alok Chaube, Shailesh Gupta, Arvind Sirsath
Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer (FHMT) 5 - 14 (2014)


Abstract


The present study investigates the convective heat transfer and friction factor (pressure drop) characteristics of a rib-roughened square duct. The test section of the duct is roughened on its top and bottom wall with V and ᴧ- shaped square ribs. In this study, the and Reynolds number (Re) varied from 10,000 to 40,000, the relative roughness height (e/Dh) is 0.060, relative roughness pitch (p/e) is 10 and rib attack angle (α) is taken as 450 and 600. The comparison of heat transfer and pressure drop for V and ᴧ- shaped ribs is presented in the form of Nusselt Number and friction factor. The results show that the Nusselt number enhancement decreases when the Reynolds number increases. The friction factor ratio is found to increases as Reynolds number increases. The thermal performance decreases when the Reynolds number increases. It seems that the ribs disturb the main flow resulting in the recirculation and secondary flow near the ribbed wall. The heat transfer coefficient and friction factor for all the cases are higher than that of the smooth duct. The V-shaped ribs have higher Nusselt number and friction factor than the ˄- shaped ribs. It is also concluded that the V -shaped ribs perform better than the ˄- shaped ribs. Ribs with α = 600 produces higher heat transfer and friction factor than α = 450.

 

Keywords: Friction factor; Nusselt number; Reynolds number; thermal performance, V-shaped ribs.


Full Text: PDF
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5098/hmt.5.14

ISSN: 2151-8629