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Emad D. Aboud, Qusay Rasheed Al-Amir, Hameed K. Hamzah, Ammar Abdulkadhim, Mustafa M. Gabir, Salwan Obaid Waheed Khafaji, Farooq H. Ali
Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer (FHMT) 17 - 19 (2021)


The natural convection of nanofluid flow, which occurs between a sinusoidal-corrugated enclosure and a concentric inner cylinder has been numerically investigated. The two horizontal walls of this enclosure are considered adiabatic and two vertical corrugated walls are held at a constant value of the cold temperature while the inner concentric cylinder is heated isothermally. Different cylinder geometries (i.e, circular, square, rhombus, and triangular) located inside the enclosure are examined to find the best shape for optimum heat transfer. The physical and geometrical parameters influencing heat transfer are Rayleigh number (Ra=103 -106), undulation numbers (N=0,1 and 2), aspect ratios (AR=5, 2.5 and 1.67) and two values for the volume fraction (φ=0 and 0.05). The numerical simulation was carried out using Comsol Multiphysics Software (5.3a). Galerkin approach along with the finite element method are used to solve equations of Navier-Stokes and energy with associated boundary conditions. In this study, validations of results between some available literatures and the present study found to be in an excellent agreement. Results indicate that the heat transfer and nanofluid flow characteristics in the sinusoidal-corrugated enclosure is significantly influenced by aspect ratio, undulation number, and Rayleigh number for all cylinder shapes. Thus, with the decrease in the aspect ratio, the intensity of streamlines becomes smaller, whereas, with rice in the Rayleigh number and undulation number, intensity increase is observed. Moreover, as the undulation number increases, the average value of the Nusselt number including the hot surface of cylinders increases. At high Rayleigh numbers, the undulation number effect on the average value of the Nusselt number is more pronounced. Besides, the research showed that the circular cylinder shape inside the enclosure has the best heat transfer characteristics and flow than the others. 

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ISSN: 2151-8629