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EFFECTS OF VARIABLE VISCOSITY ON HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER BY MHD MIXED CONVECTION FLOW ALONG A VERTICAL CYLINDER EMBEDDED IN A NON-DARCY POROUS MEDIUM

Saddam Atteyia Mohammad
Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer (FHMT) 14 - 7 (2020)


Abstract


An analysis was performed to study the effects of variable viscosity on steady, laminar, hydromagnetic simultaneous heat and mass transfer by mixed convection flow along a vertical cylinder embedded in a non-Darcy porous medium. The analysis was performed for the case of power-law variations of both the surface temperature and concentration. The viscosity of the fluid is assumed to be an inverse linear function of temperature. Certain transformations were employed to transform the governing differential equations to non-similar form. The transformed equations were solved numerically by finite difference method. The entire regime of mixed convection was studied. From this study it can be concluded that increasing the values of power law index, curvature parameter and buoyancy ratio leads to enhance the local Nusselt and Sherwood numbers. The local Nusselt and Sherwood numbers weaken as the inertia effect parameter and the square of the Hartmann number increases. The raise in the value of the Lewis number decreases the rate of heat transfer while increases the rate of mass transfer. For lower values of viscosity, the heat transfer increased for both gases and liquids, while the mass transfer decreased for gases and increased for liquids.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5098/hmt.14.7

ISSN: 2151-8629